Dance Theory

AUM

PRAYERS

1. Angikam, bhuvanam yasya
Vachikam Sarva vangmayam
Aaharayam Chandra taaradi
tam vande Satvikam Shivam

2. Om namo Natarajaya
Shudda jnana svarupine
Bhaktanam hrdaye nityam
Divyam nrithyam prakurvate

3. Bhakaara bhaava samyukto repo raagena samshritaha
Takaarastala ithyahuhu Bharatartha vichakshanaha

4. Na nadena vina geetam na vadena vina swaram
Na nadena vina nrityam tasmanaadaatmakam jagat

5. Nrittam gitam tatha vadyam dattava devaya vishnave
Sarvakama samruddhasya yagnyasya phalamashnute

6. Yatho hasthastato dristhihi
Yatho drishthasthato manaha
Yatho manasthato bhaavo
Yatho bhavasthato rasaha

7. Nrittavasane Nataraja Rajah
Nanada dhakam nava panchavaaram
Udhavitu kama sanakadhi sidhan
Yetad vimarsho Shiva sootra jalam

HAND MOVEMENTS

Asamyutha hastas (single hand movements)
Names of the 28 single handed gestures or Asamyuta hastas are laid out in the verse given below :
Patakastripatakasyardhapatokartarimukhaha/
Mayurakhyordhacandrashca aralah shukatundakaha// verse 89//
Musthishca shikharakhyashca kapithah katakamukhah/
Suci candrakala padmakoshah sarpashirastatha//verse 90//
Mrigashirshah simhamukha kangulashalapadmakah/
Caturo bhramarashcaiva hamsasyo hamsapakshakah//verse91//
Sandamsho mukulascheva tamracudatrishulakah/
Ityasamyutahastanamashtavishatiriirita//verse 92//

1. PATAAKA: Fold thumb and stretch palms. Put fingers together.

2. TRIPATAAKA: From pataaka, fold ring finger

3. ARDHA PATAAKA: In Tripataaka fold pinky

4. KARTARI MUKHA: In Ardhapattaka, join the thumb and ring finger, keep fore finger straight and middle finger a little forward

5. MAYURA: Tripataaka, join the thumb and ring finger, keep all the fingers apart from each other

6. ARDHA CHANDRA: Pataaka, keep thumb straight

7. ARAALA: Fold fore finger, join thumb

8. SHUKATHUNDAKA: Arala, fold ring finger

9. MUSHTI: In Pataaka, fold all fingers and fold thumb on top

10. SHIKARA: Fold all fingers and raise thumb

11. KAPITTA: In shikara, open fore finger and fold it on the thumb

12. KATAKA MUKHA: Join first two fingers onto thumb and stretch other two fingers out

13. SOOCHI: Pointing with fore finger stretched out

14. CHANDRAKALA: In soochi lift thumb

15. PADMA KHOSHA: Lion’s paw

16. SARPA SHEERSHA: Snake’s hood (curl all the fingers)

17. MRIGASHEERSHA: Lift thumb and pinky up

18. SIMHAMUKHA: Join middle and ring finger to thumb and stretch other fingers

19. KANGOLA: Fold ring finger inside and stretch others

20. ALAPADMA-KHA: Stretch pinky up and all other fingers spread out

21. CHATURO: Mrighasheerha, bend thumb, below other pointed fingers

22. BRHAMARA-Scihva: honey bee Katakamukha fold fingers inside

23. HAMSAYA: Katakamukha, middle finger points, other fingers stretch

24. HAMSA PAKSHAKA: bend thumb and stick onto pointed finger

25. SANDAMSHA: Open fingers and close (twinkle)

26. MUKULA: All fingers stretched and joined and moved left to right

27. TAMRACHUDA: Kapitta, place thumb over others in hook

28. TRISHULA: Show 3 fingers, thumb and pinky joined

SAMYUTA HASTAS (2-hand gestures)
The following verse recites the names of different hastas.
Anjalishca kapotashca karkata svastikastatha// verse 172//
Dolahastah pushputa utsangah shivalingakah/
Katakavardhanashcaiva kartarisvastikastatah// verse 173//
Shakata shanka cakre ca samputah pashakilakau/
Matsya kurmo varahashca garudo nagabandhakah// verse 174//
Khatva bherunda ityete sankhyata samyutah karah/

1. Anjali: Pray (Namaste position)

2. Kapota: Pray but bend fingers at the knuckle

3. Karkata: Similar to a frame when dishes are put. Intertwine left and right fingers

4. Swastikas Thata: 2 patakas in front of you with right over your left

5. Dola hasta: Hand to the sides in the shape of a temple roof

6. Pushpaputa: Holding deepam in your hand

7. Utsanga: Both hands in hamsapakshaka crisscrossed in front of your chest facing the chest like hugging

8. Shivalinga Kaha: Left hand in pataka and shikara on top of it

9. Katakavardhana Schiva: Both hands in Katakamukha crisscrossed in front of your chest

10. Kartari Swasstika: Crisscross the front of the chest with Kartarimukha hasta

11. Shakata: Both hands in bramara, kept in both sides of the mouth (canine tooth of demon)

12. Shankha: Left hand in ardhachandra right hand in shikara bent on the thumb of ardhachandra, fold the thumb of ardhachandra, fold the shikara on the palm of ardhachandra

13. Chakra: Right in pataka, left in pataka, placed on the right has a plus (wheel – Sudarshana Chakra)

14. Samputa: Both hands in sarpasheersha joined together like a bowl
(no picture)
15. Pasha: Fold ring finger and put another right finger on the top

16. Keelaka: Take pinky of one hand and put another pinky on the top

17. Matsya: Fish, put 2 ardhachandras – 1 top of one another

18. Koorma: 1 thumb, 2 right 2 center fingers, 3 left 3 first fingers, 4 as limbs of the turtle

19. Varaha: Both hand in Mrigasheersha on top of each other

20. Garuda: Eagle

21. Nagabandhakaha: 2 snakes joined

22. Katwa: Cradle

23. Bherunda: 2-headed eagle

24. Awahi Thasthathaiwacha: 2 Alapadmas near the chest (woman’s chest)

Shiro Bheda (Head Movements)
1. Sama: Hold your head straight
2. Udhwahita: Hold your head up
3. Adhomukha: Bend head down (low down)
4. Alolita: Turn head around
5. Dhuta: Shake your head like you are saying no
6. Kampita: Nod your head like you are saying yes
7. Paravrrtta: Look away to the side, like you don’t want to talk to someone
8. Utkshipta: Look away just like paravrrtta
9. Parivahita: Head moved from side to side

Drishti Bheda (Eye Glances)
1. Sama: Look straight, do not move eye lashes
2. Ālokita: Glancing quickly with eyes open
3. Saci: Look out of the corner of the eyes
4. Pralokita: Looking from side to side
5. Nimilita: Half closed eye
6. Ullokita: Looking upwards
7. Anuvrrtta: Glancing up and down quickly
8. Avalokita: Looking downwards

Greeva Bheda (Neck Movements)
1. Sundari: The neck moved horizontally
2. Tiraschina: The neck is moved upward on both sides like the gliding serpent
3. Parivartita: The neck moving from right to left like half moon
4. Prakampita: The neck is moved forward and backwards like a pigeon’s neck

Sarirabhinaya (Chest movements)
1. Ābhugna: Chest is bent back and raised higher and shoulder left loose
2. Nirbhugna: Chest is stiff, back depressed, shoulders raised
3. Prakampita: The chest is heaved up and down
4. Udvāhita: The chest is raised as in displaying bravery or valor
5. Sama: Level

5. FOOTWORK

ADAVUS

Position: Join your feet, open them at the knee and bend it, put a fist (mushti) on the waist

THATTADAVU: Adavu means footwork or steps.
Thattu means banging. This is the first step in the dance.

1. Bang right leg once, bang one on left (Do in three speeds – slow, medium and fast)
2. Bang 2 on right and 2 on left (in 3 speeds)
3. Bang 3 on right and 3 on left (in 3 speeds)
4. Bang 4 on right and 4 on left (in 3 speeds)
5. Bang 5 on right and 5 on left first and second bangs are slow and next 3 are fast – done in 3 speeds
6. Three on right (gap) 3 on right, Three on left (gap) 3 on left
7. Three on right, one on left, three more on right, repeat on the left
8. Three on right, alternate the next 4 beats starting with left, repeat with the left foot

NATTADAVU (Stretching)
1. In Aramandi, stretch right foot in the heel and bang in the center. Repeat the same for left foot.
2. Repeat the first step twice on each leg
3. Do the first step, then take your right leg behind the left and put your toe up and bang your left stretch right and bang it in the center. Repeat the whole step on your left using opposite sides.
4. Repeat the third step, twice on each leg.
5. Stretch right leg, bang left, bring right back and bang it, bang left, then continue with first step (repeat this on the left)
6. Repeat same steps twice
7. Take right foot back, bang center leg, take right to do ‘dhidhi thai’
8. Take position, stretch right leg to the side, bang left turn right leg and place the opposite direction. Bang left leg and do first half of first stage

Alapadma turn (kataka mukha)

Kuditta Mettu ADAVU (Jumps)
1. Jump on your toes and bang both simultaneously hands; Tai ha Tai hi

Stretch both hands on the side with alapadmaka and katakamukha. Bring to the center with awahitha hasta and katakavardhana.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>